Definition and Details of Threaded Fittings ASME B16.11

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Threaded Fittings general

Threaded joints probably represent the oldest method of joining piping systems. Like Socket Weld fittings, threaded fittings are mainly used for small pipe diameters (Small Bore Piping); generally for piping whose nominal diameter is NPS 2 or smaller.
The dimensional standards for taper pipe threads are given in ASME B1.20.1. That document gives all required dimensions including number of threads per inch, pitch diameter, and normal engagement lengths for all pipe diameters.

  • Threaded piping is commonly used in low-cost, noncritical applications such as domestic water, fire protection, and industrial cooling water systems.
  • Threaded fittings are normally made of cast gray or malleable iron, cast brass or bronze, or forged alloy and carbon steel.
  • They are available in three pressure ratings: Class 2000, 3000 and 6000.

NPT Thread

All fittings on this page are described, are provided with NPT thread, ASME B1.20.1. The American National Pipe Thread Tapered, is the best known and most widely used connection where the pipe thread provides both the mechanical joint and the hydraulic seal. NPT has a tapered male and female thread which seals with Teflon® tape or jointing compound.

DIMENSIONS OF AMERICAN TAPER PIPE THREAD, WITH SEALANT COMPOUND

DN-NPT MAJOR DIAMETER
MM
TAPPING
DRILL SIZE MM
TPI PITCH
MM
1/16″ 7.895 6.00 27 0.941
1/8″ 10.242 8.25 27 0.941
1/4″ 13.616 10.70 18 1.411
3/8″ 17.055 14.10 18 1.411
1/2″ 21.223 17.40 14 1.814
3/4″ 26.568 22.60 14 1.814
1″ 33.228 28.50 11.5 2.209
1¼” 41.985 37.00 11.5 2.209
1½” 48.054 43.50 11.5 2.209
2″ 60.092 55.00 11.5 2.209
2½” 72.699 65.50 8 3.175
3″ 88.608 81.50 8 3.175
3½” 101.316 94.30 8 3.175
4″ 113.973 107.00 8 3.175
5″ 141.300 134.384 8 3.175
6″ 168.275 161.191 8 3.175
8″ 219.075 211.673 8 3.175
10″ 273.050 265.311 8 3.175
12″ 323.850 315.793 8 3.175

TYPES OF THREADED FITTINGS BY CLASS AND SIZE

Description Class Designation
2000 3000 6000
Elbows 45 and 90 degrees
Tees, Crosses, Coupling
Half-Coupling, Cap
1/2 – 4 1/2 – 2 1/2 – 2
1/2 – 4 1/2 – 2 1/2 – 2
1/2 – 4 1/2 – 2 1/2 – 2
Pipe Wall SCH 80 / XS SCH 160 XXS

Plugs and Bushings are not identified. They may be used up through Class 6000

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